Diabetes mellitus, often referred to simply as diabetes, is a syndrome of disordered metabolism, usually due to a combination of hereditary and environmental causes, resulting in abnormally high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). Blood glucose levels are controlled by a complex interaction of multiple chemicals and hormones in the body, including the hormone insulin made in the beta cells of the pancreas. Diabetes mellitus refers to the group of diseases that lead to high blood glucose levels due to defects in either insulin secretion or insulin action.
As per many health nutrition centers, the mainstay of treatment of diabetes is to maintain reasonably constant levels of glucose in the blood, and mainly two things achieve this: regulating the diet and regulating your insulin dose.
Three methods of treatment are available for diabetic patients:
- Diet alone,
- Diet and an oral hypoglycemic agent(drugs which lower the glucose levels in blood) and
- Diet and insulin.
Some people with type 2 diabetes can manage their disease with weight loss, diet and exercise along with a regular check-ups at some health care center.