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Pros & Cons of Oral Contraceptives to Women’s health


Functioning of the Oral Contraceptives:

-Stop ovulation (release of eggs from ovaries)
-Also thicken cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to pass through.
-They do not work by disrupting existing pregnancy.

Advantages to Women’s health :


  • Very effective when used correctly
  • No need to do anything at time of sexual intercourse
  • Increased sexual enjoyment because no need to worry about pregnancy
  • Monthly periods are regular; lighter monthly bleeding and fewer days of bleeding; milder and fewer menstrual cramps
  • Can be used at any age from adolescence to menopause
  • Fertility returns soon after stopping
  • Can be used as an emergency contraceptive after unprotected sex
  • Can prevent or decrease iron deficiency, anemia

Disadvantages to Women’s health :


  • Nausea (most common in first three months)
  • Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods, especially if woman forgets to take her pills or takes them late (most common in first three months)
  • Breast tenderness
  • Slight weight gain
  • Not recommended for breast feeding women because they effect quality and quantity of milk
  • Very rarely can cause stroke, blood clots in deep veins of the legs, or heart attack.
  • Those at highest risk are women with high BP and women who are age 35 or old and at the same time smoke more than 20 cigarettes per day
  • Do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Starting Low-Dose Combined Oral Contraceptives
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