Inflammatory diseases of female genital sphere constitute a huge percentage of gynecologic pathology (65%). In many countries the growth of inflammatory diseases is a consequence of population migration, urbanization, changing of sexual behavior.
Inflammatory diseases are divided into acute and chronic, and according to the degree of distribution into: vaginitis, endometritis, salpingitis and oophoritis.
Vaginitis – inflammation of vaginal mucosa.
Endometritis – inflammation in the uterus.
Salpingitis – inflammation of the uterine tube.
Oophoritis – inflammation in the ovary.
Different types of infections represent main reasons. Basically, this is a group of sexually transmitted infections – chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, trichomonas, gonorrhea, herpes virus, etc.
Penetration of infections into the upper genital tract (uterus) is done via sperm, trichomonads, passive transport of microorganisms is possible with a decrease in “mucus plug” protective function in cervix. Penetration of microbes through blood and lymph is also possible.
For example, doctors established a possibility of 40 gonococci sticking to one sperm – and the more chlamydia cells, to a greater number of sperm they are attached to, reaching the uterus, fallopian tubes and even peritoneum. It should also be noted that infection of internal reproductive organs may be caused by intrauterine procedures, abortion.
Source – Woman’s Passions – Lifestyle Magazine.